- ABTERODE (Abedroth, Aptrod), DAVID BEN MOSES ELIAKIM
- ABTERODE (Abedroth, Aptrod), DAVID BEN MOSES ELIAKIM (d. 1728), rabbinic author. Apparently he was born at Abterode near Frankfurt where he served as dayyan. He wrote a commentary on Sefer Ḥasidim and glosses on liturgical poems. All his manuscripts were destroyed in the great fire of Frankfurt in 1711. His son Solomon (Zalman) rewrote from memory the commentary on Sefer Ḥasidim and published it together with the text (1724); other editions contain an abridged version of the commentary only. Jacob Emden criticized the commentary (She'elot Ya'veẓ, 1:160), which joseph david sinzheim , the author's great-grandson, defended in his book Yad David (1799), 28d (on Shab. 81a). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Michael, Or, no. 768; M. Horovitz, Frankfurter Rabbinen, 2 (1883), 73; idem, Avnei Zikkaron (1901), 202–3, no. 1938; J. Freimann, in: J. Wistinetzki (ed.), Sefer Ḥasidim (1924), 9; R. Margaliot (ed.), Sefer Ḥasidim (1957), 7 (introd.). (Yehoshua Horowitz)
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.